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LGBTQ youth face additional mental health pressures associated with stigma and discrimination


It’s now widely known that the Ontario Ministry of Education will be reverting to the 2010 sex education curriculum to teach our youth – despite widespread criticism. What’s worse is youth in grades 7 and 8 will actually be taught the 1998 sex ed curriculum.

1998 was the year Bill Clinton got in trouble over Monica Lewinski and was impeached; Matthew Shepherd, a gay Wyoming student, was beaten to death in a hate crime; Rita Hester, a transgender woman of colour, was murdered in Allston, Massachusetts; and three teenage girls were found guilty of murdering 14-year-old Reena Virk in Victoria, BC.

1998 was also the year the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that provincial human rights legislation includes sexual orientation, making discrimination based on sexual orientation illegal (Vriend v Alberta). We’ve come a long way since then, but the Ford provincial government wants to turn back time.

Who benefits from Ford’s politically driven decision to roll back the curriculum? And who is harmed?

Our youth will not benefit. Youth in grades 7 and 8 are becoming sexually mature, figuring out their identity, learning how to relate to others and making more independent choices. No matter how they identify, they need to learn about consent – which is only covered in the 2015 curriculum. They also need to learn the current state of knowledge on the gender spectrum, sexual orientation, romantic orientation and HIV. They need to learn these things not only for themselves, but so they can relate to others who might be different from them and operate from a place of mutual respect and understanding.

In 2003,Ontario was the first province in Canada to pass same sex marriage laws making Canada a global leader in human rights and anti-discrimination for sexual minorities. Between 2006 and 2016, the number of same‑sex couples in Canada increased much more rapidly (+60.7 per cent) than the number of opposite sex couples (+9.6 per cent).

Ontario has the highest number of same sex couples in the country. Removing same sex marriage from the Ontario curriculum will not negate this reality.

But it’s not just about keeping up with the times. It’s about keeping our youth healthy.

Youth today already face the challenges of social exclusion, cyberbullying, mental health challenges and addiction. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among youth aged 15 to 24 (14.7 deaths per 100,000 for young men and 5.8 deaths per 100,000 for young women). Fewer than half of youth with depression or suicidal thoughts have sought professional support.

Add to this, being a sexual or gender minority. Between four and 10 per cent of Canadian youth consider themselves homosexual or bisexual — and this number is likely higher since many sexual minorities will not disclose their sexual orientation on government surveys.

LGBTQ face additional mental health pressures associated with stigma and discrimination.

Many sexual minority people hide their identity to protect themselves from stigma, discrimination, violence and abuse.  In recently published research, my colleague and I show that concealment of sexual identity, and the invisibility that comes with concealment, featured prominently across the narratives of sexual minority men who had attempted suicide as adults.

We also found that stigmatizing behaviour in interpersonal relationships, such as antigay/bisexual slurs, discrimination, exclusion, verbal harassment and violence is highly predictive of suicide-related behaviour among gay and bisexual adult men, as is anticipating prejudice and concealing one’s identity.

These were studies of grown men. What kind of impact does stigma and discrimination have on our youth as they come to learn who they are? This is one fundamental component of the mental health crisis in our province.

Who is harmed by reverting the curriculum? All youth generally, and sexual and gender minority youth in particular.

Premier Ford is allowing his ideological politics to get in the way of healthy public policy. The politics of fear cannot be allowed to get in the way of evidence-based health and the social responsibility of current education for our youth. Ontario’s youth deserve better


Dionne Gesink is an Associate Professor with the Dalla Lana School of Public Health and leads a research program focused on sexual health. She is a Contributor with EvidenceNetwork.ca based at the University of Winnipeg.  She is also raising two teens.

September 2018

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